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Types of bracket archwires

sofdental clinic tijuana types of brackets archwires

Bracket archwires are necessary in orthodontics, since they allow the mobility of the teeth to correct occlusion problems, crowding, crossbite, etc.

Orthodontic archwires require metal or elastic ligatures placed on the teeth to ensure functionality and achieve the goal of progressively aligning the teeth.


Function of bracket archwires

Bracket wires can have different thicknesses depending on the type of orthodontic treatment to be applied. At the beginning it is normal to use thinner wire sections. They allow the teeth to be aligned without exerting unnecessary and harmful pressure on the patient.

As the treatment progresses, thicker archwires are used. This is to achieve the final objectives and to have greater control over the roots of the teeth for dental occlusion.

Sometimes it is also usual to adapt archwires in specific sections of the teeth, instead of resorting to the complete use of the same. Often, it is necessary to correct small malpositions that do not require complex systems or, in any case, are mandatory before starting a complete treatment.

Types of orthodontic archwires

The classification of orthodontic archwires varies according to arch, material and thickness.


Related to the technique to be performed. Each technique is usually accompanied by a specific arch form (Trueform, Europa II, among others). Although it is also possible to adapt arches according to the patient’s personal preferences, in addition to their objective needs.

  • Narrow: Smaller intercanine width. Ideal for patients with narrow arches, whose canines and premolars present gingival recessions. Also for patients who require treatment for one arch.
  • Square: For patients with wide arches requiring straightening of the lower and posterior segments.
  • Ovoid: The most used. Partly because it requires minimal recurrences and offers great stability.


Bracket archwires are made of different alloys. The following are the most commonly used:

  • Nickel and titanium (Ni-Ti)
  • TMA (Beta – Titanium)
  • Stainless steel
  • Titanium – molybdenum
  • Various other alloys.


On the other hand, it is important to take into account the different gauges, thicknesses and sections:

  • Thin arches
  • Round arches.

Both for initial orthodontic treatment.

  • Thick arches
  • Rectangular arches

Ideal for the final stages of treatment.

Aesthetic and lingual orthodontic archwires

Each archwire, material and thickness allows us to design a special archwire for unique purposes. Therefore, we can find archwires for esthetics and lingual archwires. The use of which will depend on the objectives and problems to be treated.

  • Aesthetic: NiTi archwires offer greater aesthetic quality. They can be camouflaged in order to disguise the orthodontics and achieve a more stylized appearance.
  • Lingual: They consist of a steel wire of 0.6 and 1 mm approximately. They can be fixed or not, being able to adapt to a wide range of situations. For example, if there is dental crowding, loss of anchorage, lower incisors that require specific treatment, etc.

The good news is that at SOFDental you find different options in archwires for brackets, as well as intelligent alternatives in orthodontics that guarantee quality, health and economic savings.

Do you need orthodontic treatment? Come to SOFDental for evaluation, diagnosis and complete treatment. Contact us.

Dr Martin

By: Dr. Martín Ramírez
Dental Surgeon at SOFDental.


Each patient is a case, in order to make an assessment we need to see you. We invite you to schedule an appointment so we can make an accurate diagnosis.

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